Learning how to grow marijuana isn’t complicated. Once you learn the basics and apply them, you’ll discover that producing a great-tasting crop is simple. The purpose of this guide is to provide you with the fundamentals you need in order to get started immediately. In future guides, we’ll be taking you through each step in detail. The important thing for now is to learn the essentials.
Below, we’ll explain how to choose your marijuana seeds. We’ll also describe the basics of producing a crop, beginning from planting the seeds through harvesting them. By the end, you’ll have the basic knowledge you need to start growing marijuana. Let’s get started.
Choosing Your Marijuana Seeds
Understand that there are many strains of seeds from which you can choose. The strain that you use will depend upon the climate in your area, your preferred yield, the potency and effect of your crop, your budget, and whether you’re going to grow them indoor or outdoor. Our focus here is on the indoor grower.
Different strains have varying yield rates, flavors, types of highs, and grow better in some climates than others. You may be willing to sacrifice quality for yield. Or, you might prefer a “body stone” rather than a “head high.” The key is to know your preferences and the limitations of your growing environment.
If you’re just starting out, consider Northern Lights. It’s an Indica variety that is extremely tolerant, making it perfect for beginning growers. Also, Big Bud and Caramelicious seeds are easy to grow. If you’re not sure where to buy your marijuana seeds, here’s an ideal resource.
Germinating Your Seeds
After you’ve purchased your seeds, you’ll need to choose how you’ll grow them. Some people prefer to use a hydroponic system. We focus on using soil because crops tend to carry a better flavor while producing a more potent high.
Use 8 oz. plastic Solo cups for containers and poke 3 small holes in the bottom of each for drainage. Not only are these cups perfectly-sized, but you’ll be able to move them easily. Fill each cup approximately 75% with soil and plant each seed (1 per cup) 1/4 inch deep. Cover the seed, but don’t pack the soil. Then, keep the dirt moist by spraying it with a water bottle. Some growers prefer to use a fertilizer concentration in the water. It’s not necessary when you’re starting out, but keep it mind.
How To Water Your Marijuana Seeds
You won’t need to water your marijuana seeds every day. And you certainly don’t want to overdo it. In fact, one of the most common reasons why yields suffer is because growers drown their seeds. As a rule of thumb, don’t allow the soil to become dry or soaked. Keep it moist. During the first 5 days, check the soil every 12 hours. If it feels crusty, spray water on it.
After 5 days, transfer your seedlings into a larger container. If their full growth is under 24 inches, use a 1-gallon container and spray the soil every 48 hours. One last note about watering, avoid using water with too much chlorine (tap water included). If possible, use distilled or bottled water.
If possible, provide your plants with natural sunlight. If you’re not able to do that, use fluorescent lights during the growth stage and switch to HID (high-intensity discharge) during the flowering stage. When you’re starting out, you can use compact 12-inch fluorescent lights (they’re cheap). But, consider buying 4-foot, 40-watt “cool white” tubes. If you’re just growing a 3 or 4 plants, you’ll only need 3 tubes. When you’re using the HIDs, use 400-watt lamps.
Also, during the first 3 days, your seeds won’t need any light. After 3 days, commit to a schedule of 18 hours with light and 6 hours without light. Keep your plants approximately 3 inches from the fluorescent bulbs. When you switch to HIDs, position them 40 inches above the tops of your plants.
Harvesting And Drying Your Seeds
Eventually, it’ll be time to harvest your crop. The best time to do it is when the majority of the white hairs have turned brown. Use a pair of scissors and cut the branches near the stem. Then, remove the leaves, leaving only the buds. The next step is to dry the branches. Plan ahead because the process can take up to 3 weeks. Use some wire and hang your marijuana buds upside down. Try to keep the room at 70 degrees and use a fan to help them dry.
After 1 week, check to see whether the branches bend. If the stems snap, they’re dry. If they bend, continue drying them for another week. At the end of week 2, check them again.
Once they’ve dried, trim the buds and store them in containers. Over the next week, open the containers several times each day and fan the moisture out. After a week, you’ll enjoy an amazingly fine-tasting, potent high. And the effort will have been worth it.